Pulmonary Hypertension

  1. Pulmonary hypertension(PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs.
  2. Symptoms include shortness of breath, syncope, tiredness, chest pain, swelling of the legs, and a fast heartbeat. The condition may make it difficult to exercise. Onset is typically gradual.
  3. The cause is often unknown. Risk factors include a family history, prior blood clots in the lungs, HIV/AIDS, sickle cell disease, cocaine use, COPD, sleep apnea, living at high altitudes, and problems with the mitral valve. The underlying mechanism typically involves inflammation of the arteries in the lungs.
  4. Diagnosis involves first ruling out other potential causes.
  5. Treatment depends on the type of disease. A number of supportive measures such as oxygen therapy, diuretics, and medications to inhibit clotting may be used.
  6. Medications specifically for the condition include epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost, bosentan, ambrisentan, macitentan, and sildenafil. A lung transplant may be an option in certain cases.

Frequently Asked Questions

Ans: Various causes include heart failure, lung conditions like fibrosis, HIV, deep vein thrombosis etc

Ans: It depends upon cause example : if it is due to heart failure then treat it. If the cause cannot be identified then drugs are there to reduce pulmonary pressure

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