- Pulmonary hypertension(PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs.
- Symptoms include shortness of breath, syncope, tiredness, chest pain, swelling of the legs, and a fast heartbeat. The condition may make it difficult to exercise. Onset is typically gradual.
- The cause is often unknown. Risk factors include a family history, prior blood clots in the lungs, HIV/AIDS, sickle cell disease, cocaine use, COPD, sleep apnea, living at high altitudes, and problems with the mitral valve. The underlying mechanism typically involves inflammation of the arteries in the lungs.
- Diagnosis involves first ruling out other potential causes.
- Treatment depends on the type of disease. A number of supportive measures such as oxygen therapy, diuretics, and medications to inhibit clotting may be used.
- Medications specifically for the condition include epoprostenol, treprostinil, iloprost, bosentan, ambrisentan, macitentan, and sildenafil. A lung transplant may be an option in certain cases.
Frequently Asked Questions
Ans: Various causes include heart failure, lung conditions like fibrosis, HIV, deep vein thrombosis etc
Ans: It depends upon cause example : if it is due to heart failure then treat it. If the cause cannot be identified then drugs are there to reduce pulmonary pressure